Trauma can be defined as physical injuries caused by accidents and impacts. Trauma patients can be the victims of injuries ranging from a simple fall at home to complex injuries following road accidents. Trauma surgery is the stream which involves in surgical treatments for physical injuries, especially emergency situations such as accident cases. A team approach involving Doctors from various specialties and para medical staffs is necessary in addressing and resuscitating these patients.
Trauma patients usually present with multiple injuries which may involve the brain, face, chest, abdomen, pelvis, bone, blood vessels, nerves and soft tissues. Immediate primary care and resuscitation is the key in saving these patients which is possible only in tertiary centers with round the clock emergency care.
Once the patient is stabilized, the fractures and other injuries are addressed.
The common orthopaedic procedures performed are
- Compression Plating
- Locking plate fixation
- Minimally invasive fixation (Small incision)
- External fixation
- Illizarov fixation (Ring fixation)